Deposition Juvenile Delinquency Juvenile delinquency is the participation by a minor child, usually between the ages of 10 and 17, in illegal behavior or activities. Juvenile delinquency is also used to refer to children who exhibit a persistent behavior of mischievousness or disobedience, so as to be considered out of parental control, becoming subject to legal action by the court system.
Much research and debate revolves around the problem of juvenile delinquency in the US. The research is mainly focused on the causes of juvenile delinquency and which strategies have successfully diminished crime rates among the youth population.
Though the causes are debated and controversial as well, much of the debate revolves around the punishment and rehabilitation of juveniles in a youth detention center or elsewhere. The Rise of Juvenile Delinquency in the s[ edit ] Ever since the evolution of radios and television gave us the ability to project music, sports, news, etcetera, the world has been able to tune in to The state of juvenile delinquency prevention is happening halfway across the world from their location.
The s boomed with increases in income, scientific and medical increases, entertainment, and a tremendous media increase starting with the portable radio.
After World War II, couples who had put off having children either before or during the war finally had the chance to start a family and live normal lives. Hence, the baby boom initiated the start of a very busy decade. After the first portable radio came out, media rapidly increased. People could advertise themselves to people all around the country and even to people driving in their cars.
This media evolution gave birth to a whole new way of living for the generations to come and for the first time ever there was a generation gap.
Media was reaching everyone and molding people's lives like never before. Anyone could access comical, frightening, romantic, or sarcastic information, movies, music and so on with the click of a button.
A rise in juvenile delinquency was one of the main causes of the baby boom and media increase. Teenagers could access more information at their age than any other generation.
As a result, teenagers witnessed crime, murder, stealing, cheating, lying, and so on to be "cool" like how they saw in the media.
This led to a high rise in juvenile delinquency because more children and teens were implanted with the thought that carrying out bad actions was okay. Lead has also been linked to juvenile delinquency, it was added to gasoline from the s throughhowever it was not widely understood to be neurologically harmful in minute amounts until the s.
Causes[ edit ] There are many factors that cause juvenile delinquency. Children whose parents have been incarcerated are far more likely to show delinquent behavior than their peers. However, sometimes juvenile crimes do in fact occur due to the exact opposite reason, that is, a lack of rules and supervision.
Additionally, mental illness and substance abuse are large contributing factors. The youth can be put into three categories, which are single risk, multiple risks and no risk .
The risks depend on the specific traits these youth portray. Crime rates vary due to the living situations of children; examples of this could be a child whose parents are together, divorced, or a child with only one parent, particularly a teen mom.
Statistics on living arrangements, poverty level and other influential factors can be found in a later section. Others believe that the environment and external factors are not at play when it comes to crime; they suggest that criminals are faced with rational choice decisions in which they chose to follow the irrational path.
A positive or negative friendship can have a great influence on the chances of children becoming delinquents. For a more detailed account of each of these causes, and more, please see the references below or the juvenile delinquency page.
Demographics[ edit ] There are roughly 75 million juveniles in The United States as of That is, one in four Americans have the potential of being labeled as juvenile delinquents because they are considered juveniles.
If the juveniles delinquency rates were to increase with the population, or even plateau, this would translate into thousands of more juvenile delinquents. Poverty, which is also directly connected to a child's chances of becoming a juvenile delinquent, varies by numerous factors.
The poverty level of a child can vary by race and living arrangement and other factors which are not mentioned here.
For instance, inBlack and Hispanic children were about three times more likely than White children of being poor. The demographic statistics mentioned above pertain specifically to juveniles, which in turn, is closely related to juvenile delinquency. On non-school days it increases in the afternoon through evening, peaking from 7 pm to 9 pm usually night timeafter dark.
One comes from theorists who believe men and boys are naturally more aggressive than women and girls. They are mentioned in the 'juvenile delinquency statistics' section above, as well as in the 'cradle to prison pipeline' section below, but to review, African-American boys are more likely to become juvenile delinquents than White and Latino boys.
Latino boys are more likely to become juvenile delinquents than White boys are. Negative changes in the economy greatly affect all crime rates because people are more likely to find themselves in pressing situation like unemployment.
An influx of new people who are unfamiliar with the legal system could negatively affect the juvenile crime rates. This pipeline, so to speak, disproportionately affects minority children living in under-served community, such as Blacks and Latinos.Unrivaled in its current coverage of topics, the thirteenth edition of best-selling JUVENILE DELINQUENCY: THEORY, PRACTICE, AND LAW provides you with timely coverage of theory, policy, and the latest research.
The Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act of , as amended, provides for the federal funding of local delinquency prevention programs.
In accordance with the Act, the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), a branch of the federal Department of Justice, provides funds to states for delinquency prevention.
The Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency (OJJDP) Tribal Youth Training and Technical Assistance (TTA) Center partnered with the Western Minnesota Collaborative (a collaborative comprised of 10 school in West Central Minnesota) to provide suicide prevention and postvention resources to over school personnel.
The Florida Department of Juvenile Justice provides delinquency prevention services through the Office of Prevention and Victim Services.
The Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), part of the U.S.
Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, assists local community endeavors to effectively avert and react to juvenile delinquency and victimization. Through partnerships with experts from various disciplines, OJJDP aims to improve the juvenile justice .
Resources for Parents. DJJ recognizes that parents play the most important role in preventing juvenile delinquency in South Carolina and ensuring that our children remain safe and healthy.